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Volti Contents Outline

Volti: Introduction

  1. The Dawn of the Motor Age, 1886-1905: pg 1
    a. The Emergence of the Automobile
    b. The Internal Combustion Engine (Otto 1876)
    c. The First Automobiles (Daimler & Maybach ca 1886, Otto’s employees; Benz using engine; 1891 Panhard et Levassor with front-mounted engine)
    d. A Slow Start in the United States (Duryea Bros. 1893)
    e. Gasoline, Electric or Steam? (1900 was 1681 steam 1575 electric 936 ICE; 120+ speed record 1906 with steam but slow start, water hogs; early electric 60 mile range but…)
    f. The Technological Development of the Automobiles (bits & pieces as weight an issue, speed low; carriages, acetylene lights, low durability tires, 4 cyl only 1896, valves weak, carburetor post 1893 Maybach, spark vs hot wire, leaf springs, brakes leather, cooling poor)
    g. The First Motor Races (entry: $28,000 for Ford in 1903)
    h. The Automobile’s Clientele
    i. Governing the Automobile
  2. The Automobile’s Adolescence, 1905-1914: pg 21
    a. The United States Takes the Lead
    b. The Assembly Line (1923 Model T 1.8 mil; largest producer in 1904 Olds 5500; $5 day)
    c. The Model T
    d. The Birth of General Motors
    e. Efforts to Emulate Ford Abroad (Morris Cowley engine gearbox axle steering imported US 1915)
    f. Technological Advances (NO MARKETING / DEALERSHIPS: Kettering 1912 Cadillac starter)
    g. Roads for Cars to Travel On (positive externality; 1919 Colorado etc – rise of Big Government was by popular demand!)
    h. A Patent on the Automobile (Selden monopoly broken by Ford)
    i. Fueling the Automobile (positive externality; initially byproduct kerosene; 1901 fear Peak Oil)
    j. Women at the Wheel
    k. Social Change and the Automobile
  3. From Battlefield to Boulevard, 1914-1929: pg 43
    a. The Automobile Goes to War
    b. The Emergence of the Trucking Industry
    c. Road Improvements
    d. The Intercity Bus
    e. Decline Follows Triumph at the Ford Motor Company
    f. General Motors Passes Ford
    g. And Chrysler Makes Three
    h. The Industry Becomes and Oligopoly [key point to raise; cf. entry issue]
    i. Europe versus America
    j. Technological Advances
    k. The Automobile and Recreation
    l. Communities Transformed
  4. Hard Years and Heroic Days, 1929-1945: pg 65
    a. The Boom Goes Bust
    b. An Industry Contracts
    c. The Automobile Business in Europe and Asia
    d. Engineering and Design
    e. The Ford V-8
    f. Easier Shifting
    g. The Diesel Engine [∑ new tech so almost everything available]
    h. The People’s Car
    i. Autobahns and Freeways
    j. Organized Labor and the Automobile Industry
    k. Trailers and Drive-in Movies
    l. “A Great Arsenal of Democracy”
  5. In High Gear, 1945-1965: pg 87
    a. The Return of Mass Motorization
    b. More Models, Fewer Makers [oligopoly again]
    c. European Automobile Design
    d. Engineering and Design: the United States
    e. Fins, Chrome and Tutone Paint Jobs
    f. The Mini
    g. Rotary Engines
    h. The Foreign Car Invasion
    i. The Interstate Highway System and the Suburban Diaspora
    j. Motels, Drive-ins and Fast Food
  6. Second Thoughts, 1965-1990: pg 115
    a. Making Cars Safer [regulation!!]
    b. Clearing the Air
    c. More Miles to the Gallon
    d. Redesigning the American Automobile
    e. Wages and Working Conditions in the Automobile Industry
    f. Japan Moves into First Place
    g. Motorizing the Soviet Union
    h. The Meltdown of the British Car Industry
    i. An Oligopoly Crumbles [if it crumbles, then what is the market?]
  7. At the Turn of a New Century, 1990-: pg 136
    1. Advances in Engine Technology
    2. Better Handling and Braking [regulation!! – does it work?]
    3. Airbags and Safety
    4. Trucks for Nontruckers [corporate strategy vs market environment: rational?]
    5. A Globalized Industry [in what sense?]
    6. The Motorization of the Third World
    7. Reinventing the Automobile
    8. A Postautomobile World?

Glossary 157

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